Indonesia’s retirement income system comprises earnings-related civil service pensions, mandatory defined contribution plans for private sector workers and voluntary defined contribution plans for other workers. A new national pension scheme, launched in July 2015, will provide a defined benefit scheme funded through employer and employee contributions of a fixed percentage of the monthly salary.
The overall index value for the Indonesian system could be increased by:
- introducing a minimum level of support for the poorest aged individuals
- increasing the level of pension provision within the workforce
- improving the regulatory requirements for the private pension system
- improving the required level of communication to members from pension arrangements
- increasing the pension age as life expectancy continues to increase
The Indonesian index value increased from 45.2 in 2014 to 48.2 in 2015 primarily due to a higher household saving rate and a decline in life expectancy.