Mercer unveiled the results of the ‘Compensation Planning for 2018’ for the region including predictions for hiring intentions and pay increases across Asia, Middle East and Africa. Figures and forecasts are based on Mercer’s Global Compensation Planning Report and Total Remuneration Survey (TRS).
Asia has been leading the growth revival in the global economy in the last three years, and for the first time in decades OECD expects all the 45 countries it tracks to grow in 2018 signaling a strong overall recovery. However, a rise in inflation in some parts of APAC such as India, Philippines, Myanmar and Vietnam may be a cause for concern. In 2018, the highest salary increases are forecasted for Bangladesh (10%), India (9.8%) and Vietnam (9.1%) while financial hubs Hong Kong and Singapore are both forecast to see 3.9% increases. Japan is forecasted to have the lowest increase at 2% followed by New Zealand (3%) and Australia (3%). Notably though, real wage growth (salary increase minus inflation rate) has also been steadily rising in the region, often reaching double digits in emerging markets. And, while forecasts vary quite widely across specific industries, the strongest push is likely to come from the chemical and life sciences industries.
Hiring in India, Vietnam and the Philippines is happening at a greater pace compared with other countries in the region, whereas hiring intentions are lower in Singapore, Malaysia and Hong Kong. The overall hiring outlook is positive, however, with five out of 10 companies looking to maintain headcount, including replacements for turnover. Hiring sentiment is often therefore a reflection of trends in staff turnover in certain countries and industries. The flipside of higher GDP growth and base pay increases though is that the staff turnover is higher for those countries. Attrition is higher for industries that have continued to outpace the slowdown we observed in the preceding year. Consumer and retail industries are faced with the highest levels of attrition, whereas the manufacturing industry has some of the lowest levels of attrition in the region.
A closer look at pay parity (in terms of annual total cash) reveals that there are now several ‘tiers’ of countries across the region. For example, in Australia, Japan and Korea, starting salaries begin at US$30k p.a., and rise steeply as employees reach senior levels, often reaching US$250–350k. Starting salaries are much lower (often just US$5k) in low-cost manufacturing bases, but again increase significantly at top management levels. In some countries – China, most notably – the highest-ranking executives out-earn their peers in the US and UK, Although, it is important to note that this picture changes once long-term incentives (LTIs) and European social security benefits are factored in.
Talent scarcity plays a major role here, and there are extremely high premiums to be gained by those people with the right skills, in addition to local language expertise. The rising numbers represent a challenge in terms of replacement costs in the form of higher salaries for new joiners, recruitment costs and lost production, all of which adversely impacts overall cost of operations and margins that are already under close scrutiny. 48% companies in Asia report having difficulty filling-in vacant positions, as compared with 38% of the companies globally struggling to find the right talent to fuel their business expansion.
Puneet Swani, Partner and Growth Markets Career Partner at Mercer said, “Hiring, retaining and engaging skilled talent in Asia Pacific will continue to be a top priority for companies looking to leverage the strong macroeconomic outlook for 2018. We continue to see a high level of pay increases used as a retention tool for high-performing talent. This has become even more critical, especially with the cross-industry movement of talent in specialist roles such as sales and engineering. We also find companies deleveraging pay in the wake of increased regulatory scrutiny of bonus pay outs, thereby reducing year-end bonuses and increasing base pay instead to reduce excessive risk-taking and discretion.”
“Companies in Asia Pacific are beginning to take a more holistic view of their total rewards philosophy across the contractual, experiential and emotional aspects of the employee value proposition. Our perspective is that getting the contractual pieces or base pay and benefits right is the foundation for an effective rewards program, but differentiating on these elements alone can be quite costly. Where differentiation can be more engaging and cost effective is in the career opportunities and well-being programs for employees. Employers are increasingly focusing on these experiential components of rewards – programs to deliver meaningful career experiences and flexible arrangements, as well as programs to help manage the physical, financial and emotional well-being of their employees,” Mr. Swani added.
Indonesia’s population is the fourth largest in the world and about 270 million people are expected to be living in this country by 2020. With a working-age population that is estimated to grow quite steadily till 2060, favourable demographics should help sustain local demand and GDP growth for years to come. With a GDP growth of 5% in 2016 driven by household consumption and government spending, Indonesia was ranked number 3 amongst the ASEAN countries. Indonesia has the potential to be a regional outperformer over the coming decade with its economic growth poised to grow 5% – 6% per annum till 2025. However, the pace of economic growth is still not fast enough to reduce unemployment rate which is still relatively high at 5.5% as of Q3 2017.
The overall salary increase in Indonesia across industries is projected to be 8.1%, according to Mercer’s latest Compensation Planning Report 2018. Most of the industries are expected to have a slightly higher salary increase in 2018, with the exception of the Automotive industry. The real wage growth can be seen as the inflation in the country is maintained at the expected rate of 3% - 4%, whereas in the decade leading up to 2014, the inflation rate is expected to rise to 6% - 8%.
The Chemical, Life Sciences, and Consumer Goods are the top-3 industries with the highest base pay increases in 2018. Positive signal from Mining and mining services industries shows that a higher salary increase can be expected in 2018 as compared to previous years. In terms of job family, marketing and engineering continue to be the highest paid in general across levels.
Astrid Suryapranata, Indonesia Career Business Leader at Mercer said, “Attracting and retaining talent in Indonesia has never been an easy job - while attracting the right talent is already a challenging job due to scarcity of good talent, retaining them is also another challenge. Mercer survey shows that the top reasons for employees leaving a company are low competitive pay, lack of clear career path and the opportunity to grow. Organizations must pay attention to map organization’s growth with employee aspirations and needs, while keeping in mind the affordability. Creating an employee value proposition through a total rewards program and its communication are needed at the minimal.”
Mercer delivers advice and technology-driven solutions that help organizations meet the health, wealth and career needs of a changing workforce. Mercer’s more than 22,000 employees are based in 43 countries and the firm operates in over 130 countries. Mercer is a wholly owned subsidiary of Marsh & McLennan Companies (NYSE: MMC), the leading global professional services firm in the areas of risk, strategy and people. With more than 60,000 colleagues and annual revenue over $13 billion, Marsh & McLennan helps clients navigate an increasingly dynamic and complex environment. For more information, visit www.mercer.com. Follow Mercer on Twitter @Mercer.